The temple of Kukulcan was a tribute to the deity, Kukulcan, who presided over the winds and rain and was thought to have bought mathematics and sciences to the Maya.
Feats of Architectural Genius
A UNESCO World Heritage Site, Chichen Itza’s most famous building, Kukulcan, is a testament to the ingenuity of both the Maya and the Toltecs.
Combining advanced knowledge in mathematics and astronomy, with creativity and devotion, they created a city about which, after a century, we still know relatively little. The image of a feathered serpent slithering down the steps of Kukulcan, the chirping of the sacred quetzal bird from the echo of clapping hands, are among many "special effects" engineered into this amazing place.
At its peak, it was bustling city of 50,000 with a huge market among wood-roofed rows of stone columns (other side of the grove from Plaza of 1,000 Columns). Today, the number of visitors in only one week often exceeds the highest population at the city's height of power and the essence of the crowded marketplace survives.
Squeezing through crowds and dodging aggressive vendors may seem like a modern anomaly but the ancient market may not have been much different...much haggling over the same materials from obsidian and jade to pottery, hide, fabrics, paper, clothing and food.
To beat the vendors and the heat, be sure to arrive at opening, 8 am. Chichen Itza is only 35 minutes from Ek Balam using the bypass around the city of Valladolid. Taxis from Ek Balam will take you there, wait up to 3 hours, and return you to our doorstep for under $50. Guides on site. See map on Reservations page.